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sdbm hash algorithm.

sdbm hash algorithm.

HISTORY This algorithm was created for sdbm (a public-domain reimplementation of ndbm) database library. It was found to do well in scrambling bits, causing better distribution of the keys and fewer splits. it also happens to be a good general hashing function with good distribution.

The actual function is

 hash(i) = hash(i - 1) * 65599 + str[i];

What is included below is the faster version used in gawk. [there is even a faster, duff-device version] the magic constant 65599 was picked out of thin air while experimenting with different constants, and turns out to be a prime. this is one of the algorithms used in berkeley db (see sleepycat) and elsewhere.

bufinput buffer to hash
lenlength of buffer
32 bit sized hash