Generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards

Support for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. More...

Detailed Description

Support for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards.

Gunar Schorcht

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Hardware
    1. MCU
    2. Board Configuration
    3. Board Pinout
    4. Optional Hardware Configurations
  3. Flashing the Device

Overview    [TOC]

This board definition covers not just a single board, but rather a large set of generic boards that use an ESP32-WROOM-32 module and simply break out all GPIOs to external pads without having any special hardware or interfaces on-board. Examples are Espressif's ESP32-DevKitC or NodeMCU-ESP32S and a large number of clones.

Espressif ESP32-DevKitC V4

Hardware    [TOC]

This section describes

MCU    [TOC]

Most features of ESP32 boards are provided by the ESP32 SoC. The following table summarizes these features and gives an overview of which of these features are supported by RIOT. For detailed information about the ESP32, see section MCU ESP32.

MCU ESP32 Supported by RIOT
Vendor Espressif
Cores 1 or 2 x Tensilica Xtensa LX6 1 core
FPU yes (ULP - Ultra low power co-processor) no
RAM 520 kByte SRAM
16 kByte RTC SRAM
ROM 448 kByte yes
Flash 512 kByte ... 16 MByte yes
Frequency 240 MHz, 160 MHz, 80 MHz yes
Power Consumption 68 mA @ 240 MHz
44 mA @ 160 MHz
31 mA @ 80 MHz
5 uA in deep sleep mode
Timers 4 x 64 bit yes
ADCs 2 x SAR-ADC with up to 18 x 12 bit channels total yes
DACs 2 x DAC with 8 bit yes
GPIOs 34 (6 of them are only inputs) yes
I2Cs 2 yes
SPIs 4 yes
UARTs 3 yes
WiFi IEEE 802.11 b/g/n built in yes
Bluetooth v4.2 BR/EDR and BLE no
Ethernet MAC interface with dedicated DMA and IEEE 1588 support yes
CAN version 2.0 yes
IR up to 8 channels TX/RX no
Motor PWM 2 devices x 6 channels yes
LED PWM 16 channels no
Crypto Hardware acceleration of AES, SHA-2, RSA, ECC, RNG no
Vcc 2.5 - 3.6 V
Documents Datasheet
Technical Reference

Board Configuration    [TOC]

Generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards do not have special hardware on board and all GPIOs are simply broken out for flexibility. Therefore, the board configuration is the most flexible one with provides:

18 x ADC channels at maximum 2 x DAC channels at maximum 2 x SPI at maximum 1 x I2C at maximum 2 x UART

Since all GPIOs have broken out, GPIOs can be used for different purposes in different applications. For flexibility, GPIOs can be listed in various peripheral configurations. For example, GPIO13 is used in the ADC channel definition and the definition of the MOSI signal of SPI_DEV(0).

This is possible because GPIOs are only used for a specific peripheral interface when

That is, the purpose for which a GPIO is used depends on which module or function is used first.

For example, if module periph_i2c is not used, the GPIOs listed in I2C configuration can be used for the other purposes.

The following table shows the default board configuration, which is sorted according to the defined functionality of GPIOs. This configuration can be overridden by application-specific configurations.

Function GPIOs Remarks Configuration
see ADC Channels
DAC GPIO25, GPIO26 refer
PWM_DEV(0) GPIO0, GPIO2, GPIO4, GPIO16, GPIO17 - DAC Channels
PWM_DEV(1) GPIO27, GPIO32, GPIO33 - PWM Channels
I2C_DEV(0):SDA GPIO21 I2C Interfaces
I2C_DEV(0):SCL GPIO22 I2C Interfaces
SPI_DEV(0):CLK GPIO18 VSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(0):MISO GPIO19 VSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(0):MOSI GPIO23 VSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(0):CS0 GPIO5 VSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(1):CLK GPIO14 HSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(1):MISO GPIO12 HSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(1):MOSI GPIO13 HSPI is used SPI Interfaces
SPI_DEV(1):CS0 GPIO15 HSPI is used SPI Interfaces
UART_DEV(0):TxD GPIO1 Console (configuration is fixed) UART interfaces
UART_DEV(0):RxD GPIO3 Console (configuration is fixed) UART interfaces
UART_DEV(1):TxD GPIO10 not available in qout and qio flash mode UART interfaces
UART_DEV(1):RxD GPIO9 not available in qout and qio flash mode UART interfaces
  • The configuration of ADC channels contains all ESP32 GPIOs that can be used as ADC channels.
  • The configuration of DAC channels contains all ESP32 GPIOs that can be used as DAC channels.
  • GPIO9 and GIOP10 can only be used in dout and dio flash modes.

For detailed information about the configuration of ESP32 boards, see section Common Peripherals.

Optional Hardware Configurations    [TOC]

MRF24J40-based IEEE 802.15.4 radio modules and ENC28J60-based Ethernet network interface modules have been tested with the board. You could use the following code in your application-specific configuration to use such modules:

#ifdef BOARD_ESP32_WROOM-32
#define MRF24J40_PARAM_CS GPIO16 /* MRF24J40 CS signal */
#define MRF24J40_PARAM_RESET GPIO17 /* MRF24J40 RESET signal */
#define MRF24J40_PARAM_INT GPIO34 /* MRF24J40 INT signal */
#define ENC28J80_PARAM_CS GPIO32 /* ENC28J80 CS signal */
#define ENC28J80_PARAM_RESET GPIO33 /* ENC28J80 RESET signal */
#define ENC28J80_PARAM_INT GPIO35 /* ENC28J80 INT signal */

For other parameters, the default values defined by the drivers can be used.

The RESET signal of MRF24J40 and ENC28J60 based modules can also be connected to the RST pin of the board (see pinout) to keep the configured GPIO free for other purposes.

Board Pinout    [TOC]

The following figure shows the pinout of the defined default configuration for the EPS32-DevKitC board as an example of generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. The light green GPIOs are not used by configured on-board hardware components and can be used for any purpose. However, if optional off-board hardware modules are used, these GPIOs may also be occupied, see optional functions in table board configuration.

The corresponding board schematics can be found her here

EPS32-DevKitC V4 Pinout

Flashing the Device    [TOC]

Flashing RIOT is quite easy. The board has a Micro-USB connector with reset/boot/flash logic. Just connect the board to your host computer and type using the programming port:

make flash BOARD=esp32-wroom-32 ...

For detailed information about ESP32 as well as configuring and compiling RIOT for ESP32 boards, see RIOT-OS on ESP32 boards.


file  arduino_board.h
 Board specific configuration for the Arduino API.
file  arduino_pinmap.h
 Mapping from MCU pins to Arduino pins.
file  board.h
 Board specific definitions for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards.
file  gpio_params.h
 Board specific configuration of direct mapped GPIOs.
file  periph_conf.h
 Peripheral MCU configuration for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards.