Support for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. More...
Support for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards.
This board definition covers not just a single board, but rather a large set of generic boards that use an ESP32-WROOM-32 module and simply break out all GPIOs to external pads without having any special hardware or interfaces on-board. Examples are Espressif's ESP32-DevKitC or NodeMCU-ESP32S and a large number of clones.
This section describes
Most features of ESP32 boards are provided by the ESP32 SoC. The following table summarizes these features and gives an overview of which of these features are supported by RIOT. For detailed information about the ESP32, see section MCU ESP32.
|MCU||ESP32||Supported by RIOT|
|Cores||1 or 2 x Tensilica Xtensa LX6||1 core|
|FPU||yes (ULP - Ultra low power co-processor)||no|
|RAM||520 kByte SRAM |
16 kByte RTC SRAM
|Flash||512 kByte ... 16 MByte||yes|
|Frequency||240 MHz, 160 MHz, 80 MHz||yes|
|Power Consumption||68 mA @ 240 MHz |
44 mA @ 160 MHz
31 mA @ 80 MHz
5 uA in deep sleep mode
|Timers||4 x 64 bit||yes|
|ADCs||2 x SAR-ADC with up to 18 x 12 bit channels total||yes|
|DACs||2 x DAC with 8 bit||yes|
|GPIOs||34 (6 of them are only inputs)||yes|
|WiFi||IEEE 802.11 b/g/n built in||yes|
|Bluetooth||v4.2 BR/EDR and BLE||no|
|Ethernet||MAC interface with dedicated DMA and IEEE 1588 support||yes|
|IR||up to 8 channels TX/RX||no|
|Motor PWM||2 devices x 6 channels||yes|
|LED PWM||16 channels||no|
|Crypto||Hardware acceleration of AES, SHA-2, RSA, ECC, RNG||no|
|Vcc||2.5 - 3.6 V|
Generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards do not have special hardware on board and all GPIOs are simply broken out for flexibility. Therefore, the board configuration is the most flexible one with provides:
18 x ADC channels at maximum 2 x DAC channels at maximum 2 x SPI at maximum 1 x I2C at maximum 2 x UART
Since all GPIOs have broken out, GPIOs can be used for different purposes in different applications. For flexibility, GPIOs can be listed in various peripheral configurations. For example, GPIO13 is used in the ADC channel definition and the definition of the MOSI signal of SPI_DEV(0).
This is possible because GPIOs are only used for a specific peripheral interface when
That is, the purpose for which a GPIO is used depends on which module or function is used first.
For example, if module periph_i2c is not used, the GPIOs listed in I2C configuration can be used for the other purposes.
The following table shows the default board configuration, which is sorted according to the defined functionality of GPIOs. This configuration can be overridden by application-specific configurations.
|ADC||GPIO0, GPIO2, GPIO4, GPIO12, GPIO13, |
GPIO14, GPIO15, GPIO25, GPIO26, GPIO27,
GPIO32, GPIO33, GPIO34, GPIO35, GPIO36,
|see ADC Channels|
|PWM_DEV(0)||GPIO0, GPIO2, GPIO4, GPIO16, GPIO17||-||DAC Channels|
|PWM_DEV(1)||GPIO27, GPIO32, GPIO33||-||PWM Channels|
|SPI_DEV(0):CLK||GPIO18||VSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(0):MISO||GPIO19||VSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(0):MOSI||GPIO23||VSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(0):CS0||GPIO5||VSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(1):CLK||GPIO14||HSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(1):MISO||GPIO12||HSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(1):MOSI||GPIO13||HSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|SPI_DEV(1):CS0||GPIO15||HSPI is used||SPI Interfaces|
|UART_DEV(0):TxD||GPIO1||Console (configuration is fixed)||UART interfaces|
|UART_DEV(0):RxD||GPIO3||Console (configuration is fixed)||UART interfaces|
|UART_DEV(1):TxD||GPIO10||not available in qout and qio flash mode||UART interfaces|
|UART_DEV(1):RxD||GPIO9||not available in qout and qio flash mode||UART interfaces|
For detailed information about the configuration of ESP32 boards, see section Common Peripherals.
MRF24J40-based IEEE 802.15.4 radio modules and ENC28J60-based Ethernet network interface modules have been tested with the board. You could use the following code in your application-specific configuration to use such modules:
For other parameters, the default values defined by the drivers can be used.
The following figure shows the pinout of the defined default configuration for the EPS32-DevKitC board as an example of generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. The light green GPIOs are not used by configured on-board hardware components and can be used for any purpose. However, if optional off-board hardware modules are used, these GPIOs may also be occupied, see optional functions in table board configuration.
The corresponding board schematics can be found her here
Flashing RIOT is quite easy. The board has a Micro-USB connector with reset/boot/flash logic. Just connect the board to your host computer and type using the programming port:
For detailed information about ESP32 as well as configuring and compiling RIOT for ESP32 boards, see RIOT-OS on ESP32 boards.
|Board specific configuration for the Arduino API. |
|Mapping from MCU pins to Arduino pins. |
|Board specific definitions for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. |
|Board specific configuration of direct mapped GPIOs. |
|Peripheral MCU configuration for generic ESP32-WROOM-32 boards. |